Tip to take away: People living with diabetes are more likely than others to have high triglycerides so take steps to control your triglycerides by eating well, keeping active, and managing your weight.
Study Summary: The new guidelines for triglycerides and heart disease recently released by the American Heart Association, state that an optimal fasting triglyceride level is now less than 100 mg/dL, rather than the previously recommended 150 mg/dL. The guidelines suggest a number of lifestyle factors that will help lower triglycerides, including weight management, physical activity, and nutrition changes (including limiting alcohol).
The eating pattern associated with improvements in triglycerides was a Mediterranean-style diet–low in sugars and refined starches and high in fiber from whole grains, legumes, vegetables, and fruit. The Mediterranean-style diet is low in saturated and trans fats because it includes low amounts of fatty meats, high-fat dairy products and processed baked goods. On the other hand, the diet is high in omega-3 fats found in fish such as salmon, tuna, and sardines. Losing extra weight, increasing physical activity, and substituting healthy fats for trans and saturated fats can lower triglycerides by 20-50%.
For more information about managing your triglycerides, visit these resources:
- “All About Cholesterol” – American Diabetes Association
- “Dietary, lifestyle changes can significantly reduce triglycerides” – American Heart Association
AHA Scientific Statement: Triglycerides and Cardiovascular Disease. A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Miller M, MD, FAHA, Chair; Stone NJ, MD, FAHA, Vice Chair, et al. Circulation 2011;123:2292-2333.
Available at: http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/123/20/2292
Fit4D’s Research Corner is a feature section where we summarize the latest research studies in diabetes management and provide practical tips based on the findings. Click here for other Research Corner updates!